The Best Places to Visit in the Ancient City of Ephesus

Below you can find the list of places to visit in the Ancient City of Ephesus. The list is quite long. This is proof of how extensive and great history the Ancient City of Ephesus is. You will never regret visiting Ephesus. As you touch its historical texture, you will be happy and find peace. Ephesus, a city where every country will find a piece of itself, awaits its visitors. If you want to visit the Ancient City of Ephesus and are looking for Ephesus Tours, you can contact us immediately.

Here are the places to visit in Ephesus;

Jean's Basilica: In the central part of the 6-domed basilica, which was built by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian the Great and one of the largest structures of that period, at the bottom, St. It is claimed that the tomb of Jean John has been found. However, no findings have been found yet. There is also a monument erected in the name of Jean. This church, which is considered very important for Christians, is located in Ayasuluk Castle and there is a treasury building and a baptistery in the north.

Upper Agora and Basilica: Built by Emperor Augustus, it is the place where official meetings and stock exchange transactions are held. It is in front of the Odeion.

Octagon: It is a monumental tomb belonging to Cleopatra's sister.

Odeon: Ephesus had a bicameral administration. One of them, the Consultative Council, was held in this covered structure during the meetings and concerts were given. It has a capacity of 1,400 people. For this reason, the structure is also called the "Bouleterion".

Prytaneion (Town Hall): Prytan served as the mayor of the city. His greatest task was to ensure that the city fire, which symbolizes the immortality of the city, in this building, which has thick columns, does not go out. Prytania undertook this task for Hestia, the Goddess of the City. Statues of gods and emperors were lined up around the hall. Artemis statues in the Ephesus museum were found here and later brought to the museum. The buildings next to it were reserved for the official guests of the city.

Marble Street: It is the street that extends from the library square to the theater.

Domitianus Square: To the east of the square, to the north of the Temple of Domitian, is the Pollio Fountain and a building thought to be a hospital. To the north is the Memmius Monument on the street.

Magnesia Gate (Upper Gate) and East Gymnasium: Ephesus has two entrances. One of these is the Magnesia Gate on the Way to the House of Virgin Mary, which is the eastern gate of the city walls around the city. The East Gymnasium is right next to the Magnesia Gate at the foot of the Fair Mountain. The gymnasium is the school of the Roman Age.

Herakles Gate: This gate, which was built at the end of the Roman Period, turned Curetes Street into a pedestrian way. It got this name because of the reliefs of Heracles, the God of Power, on its front.

Mazes Mitridatis (Agora South) Gate: It was built during the reign of Emperor Augustus, before the library. Passing through the gate to the Commercial Agora (Lower Agora).

Monumental Fountain: The square in front of the Odeion is the "State Agora" (Upper Agora) of the city. In the middle of it was the temple of the Egyptian gods (Isis). The Monumental Fountain, built by Laecanus Bassus in 80 BC, is located in the southwest corner of the State Agora. From here, you can reach Domitian Square and structures such as Pollio Fountain, Domitian Temple, Memmius Monument, and Herakles Gate clustered around this square.

Traianus Fountain: It is one of the two-story monuments on the street. The globe seen under the foot of the statue of Emperor Trajan, standing in the middle, symbolizes the world.

Heroon: It is a fountain built in the name of Androklos, the legendary founder of Ephesus. The front part was changed during the Byzantine period.

Hillside Houses: The wealthy of the city lived in multi-story houses built on terraces. These houses, which are the most beautiful of the peristyle house type, were in the comfort of modern houses. The walls are covered with marble cladding and frescoes, and the floor is covered with mosaics. All of the houses have a heating system and a hammam (Turkish Bath).

Grand Theatre: Located at the end of Marble Street, the building is the largest open-air theater in the ancient world with a capacity of 24,000 people. The very ornate and three-story stage building was completely demolished. Seating steps have three sections. Theatre, St. Paul's sermons.

Palace Building, Stadium Street, Stadium, and Gymnasium: The Byzantine palace and part of the street were restored. The horseshoe-shaped Stadium is the place where sportive games and competitions were held in ancient times. Gladiator games were also performed in the late Roman period. Vedius Gymnasium next to the stadium is a bath-school complex. Vedius Gymnasium is located at the northern end of the city, right next to the Byzantine period walls.

Theater Gymnasium: The courtyard of the large building, which has the function of both a school and a bath, is open. Here, the marble pieces belonging to the theater were arranged for restoration purposes. Agora: It is an area of ​​110 x 110 meters, open in the middle, surrounded by porticos and shops. Agora was the commercial and cultural center of the city. Agora is the starting point of Marble Street.

Bath and Public Toilet: It is one of the most important social structures of the Romans. There are cold, warm, and hot parts. It was repaired during the Byzantine period. The public toilet structure with a pool in the middle was also used as a gathering place.

Liman (Port) Street: Liman Street (Arcadian Street), which stretches from the Grand Theater to the filled Ancient Harbor today, is the longest in Ephesus, with columns and marble pavements on both sides. Monuments were built on the 600-meter-long street during the Christian era of the city. The Four Apostles Monument with four columns, each with a statue of one of the apostles, is almost in the middle of the street.

Harbor Gymnasium and Harbor Bath: It is a large group of buildings at the end of Harbor Street. Part of it has been excavated.

John's Castle: There are glass and water cisterns in the castle. It is the highest point around Ephesus. In addition, the hill on which this church is located in the first settlement area of ​​the Ancient City of Ephesus.

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